Foundation Center Focus on Education

Areas Experiencing Armed Conflict 1989–2006

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Focus on Liberia

Reconciliation and Reconstruction in Post-Conflict Countries

“Since the end of the Cold War, most armed conflicts have been within rather than between States.... Far more civilians than soldiers became casualties in these conflicts.”

— The State of World Population 2008

“The cost of war is manifest in the failure of conflict countries to make progress in key areas of development.... However, when peace is achieved and sustained, recovery is possible.”

— “The Aftermath of Civil War”

How can we help post-conflict nations rebuild?

Focus on Liberia

1989 – 2003
  • Brutal civil wars ravage Liberia
  • Over 200,000 people killed and 1 million displaced
  • Conflicts lay waste to infrastructure and economy

2003 – 2007

  • Comprehensive Peace Agreement, 2003
  • Ellen Johnson Sirleaf elected president in late 2005
  • Sporadic violence undermines peace
  • Mid-2007: Security improves but challenges persist for meeting basic human needs

Social Indicators, 2006

  • Population: 3.6 million
  • Per capita income: $130
  • Average life expectancy: 45.3 years
  • Infant mortality rate: 157 deaths per 1,000 live births
— World Bank, World Development Indicators

“In countries emerging from actors often play an important role in supporting fragile institutions and build[ing] peace and the rule of law.”

— Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights

Which leads us to ask...

What can we do to promote healing and recovery in countries that have recently emerged from armed conflict?

We focused on three issues in Liberia...

Select an issue area to discover what we found.

Promoting Human Rights and Justice in Liberia
Rebuilding the Education System in Liberia
Promoting Effective Management of Natural Resources in Liberia

Research Sources

State of World Population 2008
Reaching Common Ground: Culture, Gender and Human Rights

United Nations Population Fund
World Bank

World Development Indicators

The Aftermath of Civil War

International Center for Transitional Justice

Liberian Truth Commission Reaches Out to Diaspora in the United States
Press Release

A Brief History of Liberia

Liberian Education Trust
"About Liberia"

Child Soldiers Global Report 2008
Coalition to Stop the Use of Child Soldiers

The Trial of Charles Taylor
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