“Is the rich world aware of how four billion of the six billion people live? If we were aware, we would want to help out, we would want to get involved.”

– Bill Gates

In 2006, 9.7 million children died before reaching their fifth birthday. Most of these deaths occurred in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, the two regions that also suffer from the highest rates of hunger and malnutrition.

How are we addressing this global challenge?


Support Governments in Developing Agriculture and Rural Policies

$15,240,724 from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation to the International Center for Tropical Agriculture, 2008
To provide accurate, up-to-date information about soil resources and their management to support sound decision and policymaking.
$1,000,000 from the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation to the German Marshall Fund of the United States, 2009
For improving U.S. trade and aid policy vis-a-vis developing countries.
$399,430 from the Rockefeller Foundation to the African Agricultural Technology Foundation, 2008
To identify Chinese agricultural technologies most relevant to African smallholder farmers and disseminate research among influential African policymakers in preparation for Forum for China-Africa Collaboration (FOCAC).

Promote Agricultural Production

$6,728,806 from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation to the Rural Development Institute, 2008
To help landless women agricultural laborers and their families in rural India to increase food security and income through secure land access and community gardens.
$3,400,000 from the Howard G. Buffett Foundation to the Nature Conservation Trust, 2008
To purchase 2311 hectares to expand agricultural research and development, and for support of seed system for resources for poor farmers throughout sub-Saharan Africa.
$800,000 from the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation to the Michigan State University, 2008
For developing crop standards and analyzing information systems to improve trade for African farmers.
$399,998 from the W. K. Kellogg Foundation to the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, 2008
To build capacity of smallholder farmers in southern Africa to develop, produce, and market varieties of food legumes of quality acceptable to processors and exporters.
$305,680 from the Lemelson Foundation to Kickstart International, 2007
To support the establishment of a technology development center and the development of three manual pump products for irrigated agriculture in Africa.
$300,000 from the Rockefeller Foundation to the Regional Universities Forum for Capacity Building in Agriculture Limited, 2008
For efforts to enhance national and regional capacity of countries in East and Southern Africa to manage trans-boundary animal diseases and improve pastoralism in the region by establishing platforms for dialogue, learning and disease management and enhancing policy responsiveness.
$105,000 from the McKnight Foundation to the EMESCO Development Foundation, 2008
To improve food security and incomes in rural Ugandan households by equipping women with knowledge and skills, and supporting them with high yielding crop varieties and animal breeds.
$100,000 from the Conrad N. Hilton Foundation to the BioVision Foundation, 2008
For programs assisting poor farmers in Africa to improve human, animal, plant and environmental health in regions.
$13,000 from the Raskob Foundation for Catholic Activities, Inc., to Saint Gabriel Parish, 2007
For purchase of oxen, ploughs, plantings and other agricultural materials to re-educate people in farming skills and increase food production.

Connect Farmers to Markets

$923,375 from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation to the World Food Programme, 2008
To design development and emergency programs that improve small farmers access to markets.
$500,000 from the Omidyar Network Fund, Inc., to the International Finance Corporation, 2007
To fund an agribusiness program in East Africa and securitization/grassroots business linkage pilot in India within IFC's Grassroots Business Initiative.
$250,000 from the Ford Foundation to SaveAct Trust, 2008
To expand savings and credit group-based financial services program for rural poor, develop program's life skills training component and contribute to small grants program for farmers, with focus on low-income women.
$198,300 from the Rockefeller Foundation to TechnoServe, 2008
Toward piloting East African Agribusiness Accelerator, innovative institutional arrangement to coordinate provision of technical assistance and impact investment capital to rural enterprises in East Africa whose business success can provide job opportunities and improved incomes for smallholder farmers and poor communities.
$75,000 from the V. Kann Rasmussen Foundation to Root Capital, 2008
For microfinance projects for sustainable agriculture in Latin America.

Promote Sustainable Management of Agriculture and Natural Resources

$300,000 from the Ford Foundation to the National Union of Small Farmers, 2008
For tie-off support for Farmer-to-Farmer program to promote more sustainable and productive agricultural and agroforestry practices in Atlantic Coast regions of Nicaragua.
$250,000 from the W. K. Kellogg Foundation to the Foundation for Irrigation and Sustainable Development, 2008
To improve livelihoods of smallholder farmers and HIV/AIDS-affected households in rural areas of Lilongwe District through promoting sustainable agricultural production and income diversification activities.
$60,000 from the Christensen Fund to Consultoria Tecnica Comunitaria, 2007
To value maize diversity and sustainable agriculture in eleven mountain and lowland Raramuri and Tepehuan/Odami communities including Maize Festival and photo exhibition, and community training and mobilization including for meadow restoration as farmer reserves for valuable plants.
$50,000 from the McKnight Foundation to the Tanzania Forest Conservation Group, 2008
To assist women living near Amani Nature Reserve in Tanzania to earn income through sale of sustainably-produced, nature-based products, and to empower them to play active role in management of natural resources around them.

Sowing the Seeds: A Study of Media Coverage of Agriculture and Women in the Agricultural Sector in Three African Countries: Mali, Uganda and Zambia
International Women's Media Foundation
February 2009

Emerging Markets, Emerging Models: Market-Based Solutions to the Challenges of Global Poverty
Monitor Group
Kubzansky, Michael; Paul Frandano; Ashish Karamchandani
March 2009

Shaping Climate-Resilient Development: A Framework for Decision-Making
Economics of Climate Adaptation Working Group
September 2009

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The Growth Report: Strategies for Sustained Growth and Inclusive Development
Commission on Growth and Development
May 2008

Coastal Capital - Economic Valuation of Coral Reefs in Tobago and St. Lucia
Burke, Lauretta; Emily Cooper; Suzie Greenhalgh; Daniel Prager
June 2008

Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa
Rockefeller Foundation

The Conservation of Global Crop Genetic Resources in the Face of Climate Change
Rockefeller Foundation
November 2007

Food Surpluses and Food Insecurity
Milken Institute
Ouziely, Sharon
September 2007

Feeding the World: A Look at Biotechnology and World Hunger
Pew Initiative on Food and Biotechnology
Ouziely, Sharon
March 2004

Rice and Water: The Final Frontier
Rockefeller Foundation
O'Toole, John
September 2004

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The International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) seeks sustainable solutions for ending hunger and poverty.

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) is a USAID-funded activity that collaborates with international, regional and national partners to provide timely and rigorous early warning and vulnerability information on emerging and evolving food security issues.

The Partnership to Cut Hunger and Poverty in Africa is a group of US and African experts who believe that agriculture-led economic growth will play a critical role in cutting hunger and poverty in Africa.

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The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) is at the forefront to enhance global agricultural performance while promoting the sustainability of water use for food production.

The World Food Programme is the world's largest humanitarian agency fighting hunger worldwide.

The World Bank Group set up the Global Food Crisis Response Program (GFRP) in May 2008 to provide immediate relief to countries hard hit by food high prices.

The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) developed household food security measures to empower local communities to assess their food security levels and incorporate their results into the national nutrition monitoring system, providing a rich data source for analyzing changes in the level and distribution of food security in the United States.

The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) has worked in more than 90 countries around the world improving access to safe water and sanitation and promoting hygiene awareness.

The Special Programme for Food Security (SPFS) helps governments replicate successful food security practices on a national scale. The SPFS also encourages investment in rural infrastructure, off-farm income generation, urban agriculture and safety nets.

The United Nations Secretary-General established the Task Force on the Global Food Security Crisis in April, 2008.

Food and Nutrition Resources

The Infant and Young Child Nutrition (IYCN) Project is the flagship project on infant and young child nutrition of the US Agency for International Development (USAID).

The Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition (GAIN), headquartered in Geneva, is an alliance driven by the vision of a world without malnutrition. GAIN's mission is to reduce malnutrition through food fortification and other sustainable strategies aimed at improving the health and nutrition of populations at risk.

The United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) nutritional priorities include: Nutrition security and emergencies, infant and young child feeding, micronutrients- iodine, iron and vitamin A, nutrion and HIV/AIDS

The United Nations Standing Committee on Nutrition (SCN) mandate is to promote cooperation among UN agencies and partner organizations in support of community, national, regional, and international efforts to end malnutrition in all of its forms in this generation. It will do this by refining the direction, increasing the scale and strengthening the coherence and impact of actions against malnutrition world wide, and raise awareness of nutrition problems and mobilize commitment to solve them at global, regional and national levels.

US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) nutrition efforts cover a wide spectrum of related topics. Good nutrition is vital to good health, disease prevention, and essential for healthy growth and development of children and adolescents.

The World Bank’s Repositioning Nutrition as Central to Development: A Strategy for Large-Scale Action makes the case that development partners and developing countries must increase investment in nutrition programs.

The World Food Programme is the world's largest humanitarian agency fighting hunger worldwide.

The World Health Organization (WHO) nutrition efforts include: Country Focused Nutrition Policies and Programmes, Reduction of Micronutrient Malnutrition, Growth Assessment and Surveillance, Nutrition in Development and Crisis.

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